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Chiropractic Student

Ortho 115

Waddell Signs and Non-Organic Pain


  • Identify common underlying causes of non-organic pain
  • Recognize the eight Waddell signs of non-organic back pain
  • Develop a level of knowledge, comprehension, and understanding of the medicolegal system as it relates to Waddell signs
  • Encourage development and nurturing of skill sets in utilizing Waddell signs

Leanne Cupon, DC, DACRB and Warren Jahn, DC, DIANM (US)


$21.00 USD

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