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Chiropractic Doctor

Acupuncture 217
Mechanisms of Analgesia in Dry Needling


  • Review the 2 major afferent pain pathways
  • Discuss the local, segmental and cortical responses to pain and a painful stimulus
  • Describe the major, descending inhibitory pathways for pain including the enkephalinergic, serotonergic and noradrenergic pathways
  • Describe the cholinergic inhibitory pathway for pain
  • Explain how dry needling and acupuncture affect these pain pathways

Ivo Waerlop, DC

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$20.00 USD

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