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Chiropractic Assistant

Pain 120
The Descending Noxious Inhibitory Control circuits. How they may contribute to and ameliorate centrally generated chronic pain states


  • Relate the effects of failure within the DNIC to the development of chronic pain.
  • Draw the pathways specific to ascending sensory and descending pain modulatory circuits.
  • Apply knowledge of the DNIC, as it relates to chronic lower back pain.
  • Discuss basic science research that links the PAG with the phenomena of offset analgesia and conditioned pain modulation.
  • Formulate and apply treatment plans based on stimulation of the DNIC utilizing spinal cord stimulation, motor cortex activation and heterotopic noxious conditioning stimulation.

George Kukurin, DC, DACAN

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$20.00 USD

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